The total county population amounted to ,, or In counties are included all towns not constituted municipal boroughs; but, on the other hand, the people living in many of the boroughs can hardly be called town population. The population in boroughs was , persons, or For every persons resident in counties in there were In the counties had , persons, and the boroughs ,, or, in other words, for every persons in counties, 84 were residents of the boroughs. Thus it will be seen that the proportion of the town to the county population was greater in than in The Cities of Auckland, Christchurch, and Dunedin have considerable suburbs.
The suburban population of Wellington is comparatively small. The following gives-the names and populations of the several localities, as at the date of the census , which might fairly be termed suburbs of the four principal cities at that time :—. The increase of population for ten years prior to the census of at the four chief centres, with their suburbs, was:—.
Thus the two principal cities of the North Island are found to have progressed between and at a greater rate than those of the South Island, and Wellington in particular to have developed at nearly three times the rate of Dunedin, and considerably faster than Christchurch. Besides the boroughs, there were 40 town districts including the special town district of Rotorua. Two only of these, Rotorua and Hampstead, have more than 1, inhabitants. A list of these town districts is subjoined, with populations, as in :—. In addition to the boroughs and town districts above referred to, the census results showed for throughout the colony no less than places of the nature of townships, villages, or small centres without boundaries.
The populations so brought out may not in all cases be locally considered strictly accurate, even for the census-date, or. The question of including, with the nucleus, more or less of the surrounding country, is dealt with in different ways by the Sub-Enumerators. But even if objections are raised in a few cases, a great deal of the information now given is held to be valuable, and there is in for every place some kind of centre.
The names and populations of the colony were, in April, :—. Only three of these islands had a population over persons at last census. Since the boundaries of the colony have been extended to include the Cook and certain other Pacific islands, the population of which is shown elsewhere.
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The numbers of persons on shipboard at the various ports of the colony were 4, persons 4, males and females. This number does not include persons—officers and crews of two British men-of-war in ports of New Zealand on the census night. The gradual equalisation of the numbers of the sexes and growing density of population and dwellings in the colony are exhibited below.
The proportion of persons to a square mile increased from 7. In there were 6. Since the proportions at the different census years were:—. Of the different provincial districts, the most thickly populated is Wellington, and the one with the fewest people in proportion to size is Marlborough.
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The table below shows the area of the provincial districts, and the average number of persons to a square mile:—. The population in the boroughs, amounting to ,, gives an average of 1, persons to every square mile in these towns. The people lay closest in the City of Auckland, where they are Since the census of the area of the City of Wellington has been increased by the inclusion within its boundaries of the Borough of Melrose, containing a large extant of unoccupied land.
This circumstance reduced the average density of the population of the city to 8. Outside the boroughs and excluding persons on shipboard the population shows an average of 4. At the census of the number of females to males was found to be From this last year the proportion of females steadily increased to at the census of , but owing to a larger immigration between and , mainly of males, the proportion of females was reduced in the latter year to The numbers of the sexes are shown to be gradually becoming equal as time advances, with the exception above indicated.
The proportion of females to males was. The centesimal increase of the population is found to be greater in respect of the males than the females in all the provincial districts except Otago and Taranaki. The dwellings in the colony on the census night numbered ,, of which , were occupied houses, 11, unoccupied, and. Besides these there were 5, tents or dwellings with canvas roofs. The average number of persons to an inhabited dwelling has increased from 4. The average number of inhabited dwellings to a square mile was only 0. Of , dwellings, , were built of wood, iron, or lath and plaster, and 8, of brick, stone, or concrete.
There were also 1, cob or sod houses, 42 of raupo, besides 5, tents and dwellings with canvas roofs, and 3, houses and huts of miscellaneous materials. The inhabitants of the several classes of dwellings were distributed as under at the last two censuses:—.
With an increase of population amounting to The following are the proportions of the population excluding Chinese and Maoris residing in the different classes of dwelling at the last five census periods:—. The number of brick, stone, or concrete houses increased between and from 7, to 8,, or at the rate of The accommodation in the dwellings of the people has improved greatly in the time.
This is exhibited by the following comparative table:—.
It will be noticed that the increase lies mainly in the houses of five to six and more than six rooms, which are more numerous by 24, than in ; whereas the dwellings of one to four rooms including tents and houses of which the rooms were not stated only increased by 1, in five years. The actual number of houses was greatest in the group of those having five and six rooms 68, , while the houses of three to four rooms numbered 47, Of houses of more than six rooms, the number was 45, Of the four chief cities, Wellington shows the greatest number of persons to a house since Auckland shows an equal average for The proportion in Wellington for is higher than that which obtained in , , and in the same city, but lower than in , when the average was 5.
At Christchurch and Dunedin the proportions fall regularly from At Auckland the proportion is highest for and lowest for For the whole colony the average number of persons to each inhabited dwelling was 4. The succeeding statement gives the number of inhabited and uninhabited dwellings at each of the five past census dates:. The number of uninhabited dwellinghouses in was 11, being in the proportion of 1—27 to each of population , as against 10, in , and 8, in In the counties excluding the boroughs contained 7, uninhabited houses, or 1.
The number of houses in course of erection at the census of was 1,, an increase of on that of the census of The numbers of houses being built and uninhabited at the three last census periods are shown. O F the various religious denominations, the Church of England has most adherents in the colony.
They numbered , at the date of the census; or, including 1, Protestants not more specifically described, , persons, being The Presbyterians numbered , persons or The Methodists were 89,, or Of other denominations, the Baptists, of whom there were 17, persons, returned 2 per cent, of the total population. The numbers and percentages for five censuses are given in tabular form, so as to allow of the degree relatively to the population being observed —.
Here the proportion belonging to the Church of England is shown to have increased from 40 per cent, in to Baptists declined from 2. Lutherans are fewer in proportion to the total at each succeeding census, while the Salvation Army increased from 0. Roman Catholics and Catholics undefined formed practically 14 per cent. The proportion of Buddhists and Confucians diminishes with the number of Chinese in the colony. In the percentage of persons objecting to state their religion was 3. A full statement of the particulars of all denominations as at the censuses of and is given, with the numerical and centesimal increase or decrease in each case.
The Complete descriptions will be published in the census volume. It will be seen by the table that, of the larger Protestant denominations, the Church of England increased from , to ,, or Roman Catholics added 17, to their number, being an increase of Hebrews were 1, in , and 1, in , a difference of Spiritualists progressed, the numbers being 1, and , an increase of more than per cent. Freethinkers also increased by 9. While the number of males is found to be greater than that of females in the Church of England, Presbyterian, Roman Catholics, and sundry other religious denominations, the contrary result is found in the following cases, the proportions per cent, being—.
O F the population exclusive of Maoris , persons , all but were described as to birthplace on the census schedules. The number of the New-Zealand-born was ,, and of those born in Australia, Tasmania, and Fiji, 47,; making , born in Australasia. The New-Zealand-born increase in proportion to the whole with every successive census.
In , Besides these there were 4, persons born in other British possessions. Summarising these results, it is found that , of the population, or There remained 19, persons born in foreign countries or 2. Helena, and in British West Indies. Out of 19, persons born abroad 14, were born in Europe, 4, of these were born-in Germany and possessions, 2, in Denmark and possessions, 2, in Austria-Hungary, 1, in Sweden, 1, in Norway, in France, in Italy, in Russia, in Switzerland.
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Outside of Europe 2, were found to have been born in the United States, and North America not more specifically defined, also in South America. Those born in foreign parts of Asia numbered 3,, in which are included 2, born in China 53 of European blood , and in Syria all Asiatics.
Only persons were returned as born in Africa, outside of the British possessions in that continent. The foreign-born decrease at successive censuses having been 2. The New-Zealand-born increased from , in to ,, or at the rate of The numbers born in the United Kingdom increased altogether by 3, in the quinquennium. The numbers of the Australian-born are found to have increased for each State.
The number born in New South Wales, living in New Zealand, was 6, in the year , but 13, in , an increase of There were 12, persons in this colony in born in Victoria, but 19, at last census, or an increase of New Zealand also gained on the number born in Queensland, there being 3, in , against 1, in , or The numbers of those born in Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, and China all decreased since The following table gives full details, and exhibits under the head of allegiance the number of British and foreign subjects in New Zealand:—.
I N connection with this subject it is desirable to consider first the numbers for eight groups of important age-periods which are given below, and compared with those of three previous censuses.
The table below is worthy of notice as exhibiting a much stronger position than obtained in as to component parts of the population. In the population under five years had fallen from 86, persons in to 83,, a loss of 3,, or 4. In those under five had increased to the number of 83,, being more than in ,. By the children under five had increased to 86,, being 3, more, or 3. The effect of the deficiencies had been overcome by , when the census showed , children under five, being an increase of 15,, or The number at the group five to ten was 90,, or an increase of 4, in the quinquennium, and at the ten to fifteen the number was 86,, an increase of 1,, or 1.
Thus the minus sign has been eliminated in regard to the three groups comprising the population under fifteen years of age. The group 15 to 21 years still suffers from losses in the previous periods, but an increase of 2, over the number for is nevertheless exhibited, or 2. Again at 40 to 55 there are , persons, an increase of There is nothing remarkable about the numbers at the groups 55—65 and 65— The number of children under one year, and the total population at all ages, according to the results of three censuses, was:—.
Thus, in , with a population of , persons, there were 17, children under one year, against 22, children of that age in to a population of , persons. The births registered in were 18,, against 23, in , and the birth-rate, which was Deducting 1,, the number of deaths of children under one year registered in , from 23,, the number of births for that year, leaves 22,, or within of the living children under one year at the time of the last census.